On December 7, 2007, Latvian President Valdis Zatlers announced the establishment of President's Commission on Constitutional Law. President Andris Bērziņš decided on October 10, 2011, to reinstate the work of the Commission. Recognised experts in the area of constitutional law are its members.
The President’s role in Latvia is to stabilise the Latvian political and legal system, to prevent crises, and to help in finding solutions to problems. This emanates from the functions which are defined for the President in the Latvian Constitution, especially in terms of legislative functions and the separation of powers in Latvia. Certain other European countries have a Council of State which can handle some of those functions. Scientific, objective and neutral analysis of aspects of constitutional law is necessary if the President is to be able to carry out this role in an optimal way. Such analysis, at the same time, promotes qualified discussions of constitutional law among specialists and the public at large.
The Commission on Constitutional Law met for the first time on December 7, 2007. The commission as established with the purpose of offering support for the legislative functions that are assigned to the President in the Constitution, as well as of offering viewpoints vis-à-vis the interpretation and improvement of norms in the Constitution. The work of the commission also relates to scientific research and qualified debate on important aspects of the law.
Members of the commission are independent in their work. They act in accordance with scientific criteria and legal methodology. As necessary, members of the commission are permitted to bring in other specialists for research purposes. The views of the Commission on Constitutional Law have the status of recommendations.
Chairman of the Commission on Constitutional Law:
Egils Levits - Prof.Dr.iur.h.c., Assessor iur., Dipl.-Pol., a justice of the European Court of Justice.
Members of the Commission on Constitutional Law:
Ineta Ziemele - Dr.iur., a justice on the European Court of Human Rights and a guest professor at the Rīga School of Law;
Daiga Iļjanova - Dr.iur., an associate professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Latvia;
Gunārs Kusiņš - Dipl.iur., a lector at the Faculty of Law of the University of Latvia;
Lauris Liepa - Mag.iur., a lector at the Faculty of Law of the University of Latvia;
Mārtiņš Mits - Dr.iur,, a lector and the pro-rector of the Rīga School of Law.